Optical frequency comb direct generation on silicon by mode locked lasers (MLLs) is promising as it offers high wavelength channel counts and ultrashort pulses that will benefit future large-scale high capacity silicon photonic integrated circuits. Here, we demonstrate two-section quantum dot (QD) MLLs that are directly grown on a complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor compatible on-axis (001) silicon substrate by employing molecular beam epitaxy. The lasers, incorporating five layers of InAs QDs, operate in the O-band wavelength range with a pulse repetition rate around 9 GHz. A pulsewidth reduction of 48% of the narrowest achievable pulse from each QD MLL is obtained when the saturable absorber (SA) section length ratio is increased from 8% to 23%. The device with the longest SA section exhibits a more than 50 dB fundamental RF peak signal to noise floor ratio with 1.3 ps pulses.
Applied Physics Letters
Vol 113, No 4, 041108